Veromann, E., Luik, E., Metspalu, L. & Williams, I. 2006: Key pests and their parasitoids on spring and winter oilseed rape in Estonia. — Entomol. Fennica 17: 400-404.
The pests and their hymenopterous parasitoids present in a spring and a winter oilseed rape crop in Estonia were studied. Meligethes aeneus was the most abundant pest in both crops. Other crucifer-specialist pests included: Ceutorhynchus assimilis, C. pallidactylus, C. rapae, C. floralis, C. pleurostigma and Phyllotreta spp., but their abundance was low. Four species of parasitoids of M. aeneus larvae (Diospilus capito, Phradis morionellus, P. interstitialis and Tersilochus heterocerus) and three of C. assimilis larvae (Mesopolobus morys, Stenomalina gracilis and Trichomalus perfectus) were also found.